Crossed cylindrical roller bearings are used for top-precision applications with dimensions that conform to the measurement of ISO series 18 for DIN 616. It comprises inner rings, outer rings, plastic spacers, and rolling elements, with an outer ring split and attached by three retained rings. 

They are also known as a crossed roller slideway, having two sets of effective bearings and races joined at right angles to themselves. Cylindrical rollers line towards the surface of a rail contained in carriages, such that they are held to stay by a cage that prevents contact of the rollers, and improve wear and friction. When rollers are separated, their risk of jamming is eliminated.

Built for toughness

As a result of the cross arrangement of cylindrical rollers, their bearings support forces of the axle from either direction and radial forces, slanting and synergy of loads with the use of one bearing position. Due to this, designs with two positions of bearings can be lessened to one bearing position. 

These bearings are extremely tough, possess efficient running tact, and are supplied with adequate clearance, preload, or low clearance. The bearing’s outer rings are conveniently fixed to the construction at the adjacent side via the use of clamping rings. They are quite as silent as cage-limited linear bearings that non-recirculate with the aid of balls. These roller bearings are very precise, but their toughness makes them inconsiderate of mounting surfaces’ inaccuracies. 

They are set out with hones of mounting to 2 micrometers (or rather) the mounting surfaces’ deflection. 

Load bearing capabilities

Crossed roller-bearings give enhanced rigidity, accuracy, and the weight-bearing ability for straight motions, unlike other well contact-reducing devices like ball bearings. And different from ball bearings, they do aid radial forces, moment loads, or tilting loads. This makes it possible for a roller bearing instead of multiple ball bearings, thus creating the space needed by the bearing and reducing the material costs associated. 

The Crossed-roller bearings that function with cylinder-shaped rollers are very precise and possess firm, linear mechanical components. In mechanisms like this, the rollers are fused amidst two straight-lined guides known as the table & bed. The rollers are aligned in V-grooved pathways made from the guides, and they cross each other at a 90° angle. 

The rollers create lines of contact which are lengthy over the surface of a ball bearing. 


  • Crossed cylindrical roller bearing does lift many radial loads and can be utilized for high-speed applications. 
  • They are also found in lab and medical equipment, semiconductor processing, vacuum environments, material handling, clean rooms, and automation machinery. 

Cancer Research Equipment

In the field of medicine, microscopes that are automated are used to study cell samples that are collected for any trace of cancer. A slide may contain billions of cells; that is, samples have to be well-positioned and taken to a microscope’s focus. 

The microscope’s arranged movements work in line to take snapshots of the sample of cells in its chamber; this is done with the aid of filters to bring out cell images having three colors.

Crossed roller bearings are used in this process because they go over set distances, carrying the loads involved, they are compact and, importantly, deliver superb accuracy. 

Final Thoughts


The applications of roller bearings are felt in various disciplines and industries. The article highlights some of the reasons for this phenomenon as well as some of those industries.

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